is one of the most powerful forces here on earth. Electricity has
contributed much to our household, offices, and other endeavors.
Yet with how much electricity has made an impact to civilization,
the same can cause severe harm to human beings, even up to fatality.
Electrical burns are those which occur in contact with sources
of electricity or if it passes into your body. Burns from electricity
are visible on the skin and it may go deep enough to cause damage
to the tissues. At extreme cases, electricity can cause shock the
brain, strain the heart, and injury to other organs. Your recovery
may greatly depend upon the extent of your burns.
Electrical Burn: Types and Degrees
First-degree burns This involves
the outer layer of the skin. Redness of the skin may appear at First-degree
burns. The burned skin can be very sensitive as it may hurt if touched.
Good news is, these degree of burn is mild and will heal in a few
Second-degree burns Burns of this
degree are more severe and deeper. The burned are may develop blisters.
There is also the certain degree of sensitivity to touch. Healing
process of second-degree burns may take a longer period of 2 weeks.
Third-degree burns Being the last
on the types of burns, third-degrees are considered to be the most
dangerous. Due to the extreme depth of the burn, the victim’s
skin may look leathery or tough. It may either appear as black,
red, brown or white. Lastly, numbness may develop in the burned
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Electrical Burn: Possible Complications
Aside form the typical injury to the flesh, electrical burns may
cause other complications as well. Victims may experience disruption
in electrical brain activity, heart injury, muscle contractions,
and complications other organs of the body. It is always recommended
to look for multiple injuries during a patient’s treatment.
Electrical Burn: Common Causes
Incidents of electrical burns or shocks for children are due to
chewing on an electric chord. Sometimes, if unattended, children
may have the habit of sticking objects into an electrical outlet.
In cases of young adults, records have shown that electrical shock
may result from use of appliances which happen to be improperly
grounded. Another cause would be careless use of ground-fault circuit
interrupters, which are commonly located in bathrooms and kitchens.
Severe electrical injury may happen when you come in contact with
live electrical wires lying on trees.
Electrical Burn: First-Aid Treatment
These are the following firs-aid steps upon acquiring electrical
1. Burned skin should be soaked in cold water for about 10 minutes.
2. Wash the affected area with soapy water and gently tap it with
3. A clean bandage should cover the burned skin, which should be
cleansed every now and then. Be sure to replace the bandage with
a new one regularly. If your doctor prescribed treatment then apply
the medicine as desired.
4. If the burned part is your leg or arm, be sure to position it
in a raised position within the first 24 hours to minimize the swelling.
5. Over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or
aspirin are helpful as pain relievers.
6. Treat yourself with water therapy.
7. Be sure to protect the burned area of the skin, as you may all
know, it can be very sensitive to touch.
Electrical Burn: Prevention
Since children are prone to playing around electrical plugs and
objects, strict supervision is required upon them. There are childproof
plug covers which you may avail to protect your child from sources
Avoid positioning your appliances or electrical tools near sinks
or where there is running water. When attempting to repair electrical
appliances, do not stick metal objects when these appliances are
Be aware of faulty wirings or grounded cables around your home.
Employ necessary repairs for defected appliances to avoid future